medicine

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. medicament, medication, remedy; therapy, physic; medical profession.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The healing profession]
Syn. medical men, healers, practitioners, doctors, physicians, surgeons, osteopaths, chiropractors, the profession, American Medical Association, A.M.A.
2. [A medical preparation]
Syn. medication, drug, dose, potion, prescription, pill, tablet, capsule, draft, curative preparation, patent medicine, remedy, cure, antivenin, anti-poison, antibiotic, medicament, vaccination, inoculation, injection, draught, simple, herb, specific, nostrum, elixir, tonic, balm, alterant, salve, lotion, ointment, emetic, pharmacopoeia, shot.
Types of medicines include: antibiotic, antiseptic, antitoxin, antidote, antifungal, vaccine; analgesic, pain reliever, pain killer, anti-inflammatory, muscle relaxer, anesthetic, antispasmodic, antipyretic, febrifuge, steroid; sedative, tranquilizer, anticonvulsant, antidepressant; demulcent, antipruritic, astringent, counterirritant; laxative, cathartic, purgative, antacid, emetic, vermifuge; cough suppressant, expectorant, decongestant, antihistamine; antineoplastic, chemotherapeutic, chemo, immunosuppressive drug; anticoagulant, vasodilator, vasoconstrictor, beta blocker.
3. [The study and practice of medicine]
Syn. medical science, physic, healing art, medical profession, doctoring*, bed-panology*.
Branches of medicine include: general practice, family practice, internal medicine, surgery, sports medicine, orthopedics, cardiology, hematology, respiratory medicine, otorhinolaryngology, (ear, nose, and throat), audiology, ophthalmology, allergology, immunology, rheumatology, anesthesiology, endocrinology, dermatology, gastroenterology, nephrology, urology, gynecology, obstetrics, neonatology, pediatrics, neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, geriatrics, oncology, radiology, pathology, toxicology, public health, epidemiology, tropical medicine, occupational medicine, industrial medicine. The following are not always recognized as branches of medicine: osteopathy, homeopathy, chiropractic.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
medication, medicament, remedy, cure, elixir, preparation, drug, wonder drug, pharmaceutical, antibiotic, pill, inoculation, vaccine, physic, dose, treatment, therapeutics. ''Consists of amusing the patient while nature cures the disease.''—Voltaire. ''A conjectural art.''—Celsus.
WORD FIND
medicines and drugs
acid neutralizer: antacid, bicarbonate of soda
alcohol, solution of: tincture
allergy reliever that counters histamine: antihistamine
analgesic: acetaminophen, aspirin, codeine, ibuprofen, morphine, opium
angina, relieves: nitroglycerin
antibiotic: amoxicillin, ampicillin, erythromycin, penicillin, streptomycin, sulfa drug, sulfonamide, tetracycline
bacterial infection treatment derived from fungus: antibiotic
blood clotting, prevents: anticoagulant, heparin
blood serum containing antibodies: gamma globulin
blood vessel constrictor: vasoconstrictor
blood vessel widener: vasodilator
body’s natural immune protein: antibody
book listings of: pharmacopoeia
breathing passages, opens: bronchodilator
cancelling out of one drug’s effects by another: antagonism
circulation, steps up: epinephrine, adrenalin
cough suppressant: antitussive, codeine
cure-all: panacea, catholicon
diabetes victim’s blood sugar regulator: insulin
dropper: pipette
epilepsy, seizure medication: diazepam, Dilantin
fever reducer: antipyretic, febrifuge
heart activity, decreases: beta blocker
heart stimulant: digitalis
itch reliever: antipruritic
laxative: cathartic, purgative
malaria drug: quinine
motion sickness reliever: Dramamine
muscle-building hormone: steroid
nonprescription: over-the-counter
ointment: salve, unguent, balm, emollient
organ transplant, fights rejection of: immunosuppressant
painkiller: analgesic, Demerol, methadone
Parkinson’s disease, controls: L-dopa
phlegm, helps bring up: expectorant
poison counteractant: antidote, antivenin
polio vaccine: Sabin vaccine, Salk vaccine
quack: patent medicine, nostrum
reduced effectiveness of medicine over time: tolerance
relieves symptoms but does not cure disease: palliative
simulated: placebo
skin, applied to: topical
sleep, induces: hypnotic, soporific
spasm reliever: antispasmodic
study of medicines: pharmacology
tranquilizer: Librium, Miltown, Thorazine
ulcer medicine: Xantac, antacid
urine, increases excretion of: diuretic
vaccine for diptheria, pertussis and tetanus: DPT
vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella: MMR
vessel: ampule, phial, vial
vomiting, induces: emetic
procedures, see also operation
alcohol, drug, toxin removal from body: detoxification, *detox
allergy test: patch test, scratch test
blood cell count: blood count
blood filtering to aid kidney function: dialysis
brain scan by tomography: PET scan, positron emission tomography
brain’s electrical activity reading: electroencephalogram, EEG
breast X-ray or imaging: mammography
broken bone alignment by force: traction
cancer treatment with X-rays, beta rays, gamma rays: radiation therapy
chemical or drug treatment for cancer: chemotherapy
choking maneuver: Heimlich maneuver
CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation
determination of disease: diagnosis
EEG: electroencephalogram
EKG: electrocardiogram
enhanced radiology imaging: CAT scan (computerized axial tomography)
evaluation, general: workup, physical
fat sucked out, plastic surgery method: liposuction
feeling for body abnormalities by hand: palpation
heart exam through ultrasound imaging: echocardiography
heart fitness test: stress test
heart’s electrical activity reading: electrocardiogram, EKG
imaging internal body with magnetic field: magnetic resonance imaging, MRI
intravenous introduction of blood: transfusion, IV
microorganisms, lab examination of body’s: culture
prediction of disease outcome: prognosis
prioritizing of most critical patients first: triage
stone destruction by sound waves: lithotripsy
tapping body part to aid in diagnosis: percussion
tissue removal for examination: biopsy
tube insertion in body part for drainage, diagnosis, etc.: intubation
uterine fluid removal during pregnancy: amniocentesis
uterine or cervical cancer test: Pap test
X-ray image live on screen: fluoroscopy
medical equipment
bladder probe: cytoscope
bleeding, stops profuse: hemostat
blood filtering machine aiding kidney function: dialysis machine
blood pressure cuff: sphygmomanometer
breathing apparatus: respirator, resuscitator
colon discharge bag: colostomy bag
colon probe: sigmoidoscope
decompression chamber: hyperbaric chamber
ear probe: otoscope
electrocardiogram machine: electrocardiograph
gown, green surgical: *scrubs, scrub suit
grasper: forceps
hammer used to check reflexes: plessor, percussion hammer
holds body cavity open: speculum
internal probe: endoscope
joint probe: arthroscope
knife: bistoury, lancet, scalpel
knife, electrical: radio knife
larynx probe: lyngoscope
listening device, diaphragm: stethoscope
needle and syringe: hypodermic
photographs internal body by radiation: Xray machine
pole on which medicinal fluids are hung: IV pole, *ivy pole
pump used in heart surgery: heart-lung machine
rectal probe: proctoscope, sigmoidoscope
respitory recorder: spirograph
sterilizer, instrument: autoclave
stretcher: gurney
stomach probe: gastroscope
tissue retractor: retractor
tissue scraper: curette
tongue, moves out of the way: tongue depressor
trachea probe: bronchoscope
tube drain: catheter
X-ray screen: fluoroscope
fields of medicine
aging: geriatrics, gerontology
anesthesia: anesthesiology
animal: veterinary medicine
behavioral effects of drugs: psychopharmacology
birth: obstetrics, tocology
blood: hematology
bones: osteology, osteopathy, orthopedics
children: pediatrics
cosmetic and reconstructive surgery: plastic surgery
digestive system: gastroenterology
disease identification: diagnostics
disease: pathology, etiology
ears, nose and throat: otorhinolaryngology
ears: otology
epidemics: epidemiology
eyes: ophthalmology, optometry
feet: podiatry
female reproductive system: gynecology
gums: periodontics
hearing: audiology
heart: cardiology
hormones, glands: endocrinology
immune system: immunology
internal disease, noninvasive treatment of: internal medicine
joints: arthrology
kidneys: nephrology
liver: hepatology
lungs and breathing: pulmonology
malformations: teratology
mental diseases, disorders: psychopathology, psychiatry
muscles: myology, orthopedics
needles, Chinese: acupuncture
nervous system: neurology
newborns: neonatology
obstetrics and gynecology: ob-gyn
poisons: toxicology
rectum, anus and colon: proctology
rheumatic disease: rheumatology
sexually transmitted diseases: venereology
skin: dermatology
skull: craniology
spinal alignment: chiropractic
stomach: gastrology
teeth: dentistry, orthodontics
tumors: oncology
urinary tracts: urology
veins: phlebology
viruses: virology
whole body teatment: holistic medicine
X rays, radiation: radiology
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. An agent used to restore health: cure, elixir, medicament, medication, nostrum, physic, remedy. See HEALTH. 2. A substance used in the treatment of disease: drug, medicament, medication, pharmaceutical. See DRUGS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

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